The United Republic of Tanzania is located in the east of Africa, bordered by eight countries: Uganda and Kenya (in the north), the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda (in the west) and Mozambique, Malawi, and Zambia (in the south). To the east of Tanzania is the Indian Ocean. The Island Zanzibar belongs to Tanzania but has an autocratic regime. The Tanzanian capital is Dodoma which is located in the centre of Tanzania.
Tanzania is the largest of the East African nations. You can find a great variety of lands-capes there. The highest point is Mount Kilimanjaro, standing at 5,895 mtrs. it is also the highest mountain in Africa.
On the Kenyan-Ugandan-Tanzanian border in the north you will find Lake Victoria. It is 69,490 km2 and the largest lake in Africa. The deepest lake in Africa is Lake Tanganyika (1,470 mtrs.) deep. Lake Tanganyika is a fresh water lake and located in the west of Tanzania, separating Tanzania from the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is 673 km long and 50 km wide.
Tanzania has also an impressive wildlife and is an outstanding place for safaris. In total, national parks and reserves cover 28% of the total area of Tanzania. A great place to observe wildlife is the Ngorongoro Crater and the huge Serengeti Park, located in the north. The Serengeti Park is 14,763 km2 and covers a diversity of grassland plains, savannah, riverine forests and woodlands as well as housing a considerable wildlife population. Another large and famous national park is the Selous Game Reserve, which is located in the south. It is larger than Switzerland and covers 1/6 of the total area of Tanzania. You can find one of the world’s largest fauna reserves here with grassland, typical Acacia savanna, wetlands and woodlands. This is also home to more elephants than any other African game reserve.
Tanzania is a peaceful and friendly country with a population of about 42,746,620 who belong to around 130 tribes. There are many local/tribe languages spoken but the official languages are Swahili (Kiswahili) and English. Approximately 30% of the population is Christian, 35% Muslim and 35% are adherents of indigenous beliefs. In Zanzibar more than 99 % of the people are Muslim. Most of the Muslims live in coastal areas. Apart from its great diversity of cultures and ethnic groups; Tanzania has also got many social problems.
Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. 36% of Tanzanians live below the poverty line. The average daily income is less than one dollar a day. Safe drinking water, healthcare, education and electricity are luxuries that are not obtainable for most of the people. Most of the Tanzanians make their living from the cultivation of a small plot of land where they can produce enough food for their families. People do not have access to electricity, tap water or medical care except in the main cities.
The median age of the population is 18.5 years.
Health care in Tanzania is a big challenge. The rate of doctors and hospital beds is the lowest worldwide. For every 1,000 residents there are only 0.008 doctors and 1.1 hospital beds (for comparison: in United Kingdom: 2.739 doctors and 3.38 beds for 1,000 residents).
Tanzania has been hard hit by AIDS and is with a prevalence rate of 5.6% in 2009 ranked 12 in the world. The death rate is growing exponentially. In July 2012 there are 11.92 deaths per 1.000 population expected.
While many African countries suffer from civil wars, political unrest and revolutions, Tanzania has had a stable democracy since its independence in 1961. Although Tanzania remains a developing country, foreign investment and privatization promise to spur the growth of the economy and have enabled aid agencies to effectively reach their targeted goals.
According to the Bertelsmann-Transformations-Index (BTI) Tanzania is classified as a defective democracy. Its legal system is the English common law. President of Tanzania is Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (since 2005). His party is the CCM- Chama cha Mapinduzi (Party of the Revolution)
Dar es Salaam
Dar es Salaam is the largest city in Tanzania with a population of around 3 million people. It has grown from a population of 30,000 in 1925 to its current 3,207,000. Although Dar es Salaam lost its official title as capital of Tanzania in 1974 it is a regionally important economic centre and the country’s richest city. It also remains the centre of the permanent central government bureaucracy. Dar es Salaam is located in the east of Tanzania right on the Indian Ocean and is the hub of the Tanzanian transportation system. In the past 10 years, Dar es Salaam has had a face-lift, but major infrastructural problems still remain. Dar es Salaam is actually an administrative province within Tanzania and is divided into three districts: Ilala in the centre, Kinondoni in the north and Temeke in the south. All three are governed as municipal councils.
Temeke is the industrial district of the city, where the main manufacturing centres are located. Here you can find the largest port in the country, the Dar es Salaam Port. The Zanzibar Ferry and the Kigamboni Ferry leave from here.
Temeke has got the largest concentration of low-income residents within Tanzania.
Kigamboni is an administrative ward in the Temeke district. It has got a mixed population of lower and higher incomes. Kigamboni is attractive because of its beautiful beaches, low population density while still being part of a big city.
Source of the mentioned facts: The World Factbook, CIA, last visit in April 2012.